The Declaration of Independence is one of the most important documents in American history. Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft and then made revisions suggested by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and others. Because the declaration addressed a worldwide audience, its language was made simple and direct so people everywhere would understand and sympathize with the colonists’ cause. The text borrowed phrases from the influential writings of English philosopher John Locke. This helped convince readers that American independence was supported by the ideas of a famous philosopher. The ideas and influence of Baron de Montesquieu, a French social commentator and political thinker of the time. He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers which made its way into the united states government has lasted ever sense.
After it explains the philosophical and legal reasons for seeking independence from Britain, the declaration has its longest section, which gives numerous examples of how King George III violated the rights of the colonists. Finally, the declaration offers a discussion of the Americans’ many unsuccessful attempts to get relief from Britain and ends with the conclusion that the only way for Americans to have their rights restored is to restore them themselves by declaring independence from Britain and by controlling their own government.
Britain’s plan to couanter the French–American alliance was to have General Charles Cornwallis move the war to the southern states to try to separate those colonies…