Essay on Sexual Assualt and Domestic Violence

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Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence

Consequences of Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence
February 14, 2013

Social Psychology (Chapman)
Week 5: Mid Term
Table of Contents
Introduction……………………………………………………………………………3
Psychological Consequences..........................................................................................3
Trauma…………………………………………………………………………...3
Fear………………………………………………………………………………3
Mental Illness…………………………………………………………………………..4
Physical Consequences…………………………………………………………………4
Pain……………………………………………………………………………….4
Loss of Concentration…………………………………………………………....4
Castration of Offenders…………………………………………………………..4
Get help…………………………………………………………………………...5
Conclusion………………………………………………………………………...5
References………………………………………………………………………………6 Consequences of Assault and Domestic Violence

Sexual assault and domestic violence have severe consequences for victims, families and the offender. This paper will show that anyone can be affected regardless of gender, race, religion, age, or ethic group. Domestic abuse takes place when one person in a relationship tries to dominate and control the other person. Sexual assault he term sexual assault is any involuntary sexual act in which a person is threatened, coerced, or forced to engage or any sexual activity. The damage done can result to Psychological issues and or Physical issues to the victim. There are certain things that can increase the chances of being abused. One’s risk could be increased if they find themselves in a personal relationship with a substance abuser, are dependent on the other partner, has a history of suicide attempts or violent behavior, was abused during childhood, and ignores feelings of discomfort in the relationship. If anyone feels they are being abused they should seek help immediately. There is a national domestic violence hotline that is available 24/7.
Psychological Consequences

Trauma Victims that are exposed to acute or chronic trauma may show signs of emotional stress, depression, anxiety or anger. Early trauma can alter a person’s trust in others and perception of self worth.
Fear
Both the victim and the abuser have fear. The victim generally is insecure and is willing to accept the situation as it is. The victim actually believes that he or she cannot do any better. There is also fear of leaving the relationship. There is fear the abuser will attack again if she is caught trying to escape.
Mental Illness Survivors may suffer from depression or low self-esteem. Early symptoms of depression often go unnoticed. Symptoms may include, lack of interest, feelings of worthlessness, thoughts of suicide, loss of hope, or sleeping problems. There is treatment for depression, however, it does not happen overnight. Treatment may include brain stimulation techniques, antidepressants, or psychotherapy.
Physical Consequences
Pain
Attacks can lead to severe pain, including bruises and or broken bones. Victims of domestic violence and sexual assault may experience migraine headaches, arthritis, or long-term neck, back, or pelvic pain. Injuries to a child's brain can cause delays and emotional issues with the child for the rest of his life. Less than a third of these victims receive pain medications, according to research in The Journal of Pain, the peer review publication of the American Pain Society.
Loss of Concentration There are medicines that are used to treat victims. Unfortunately, medicines such as antidepressants, antihistamines, anti-anxiety medications, muscle relaxants, tranquilizers, or sleeping pills may cause lack of concentration or memory loss.

Castration Despite arguments of cruel and unusual punishment, as of February 21, 2006 there were eight states within the…