Gandhi was an Indian religious leader, born on October 2nd, 1869 in Porbandar, India. He died in Delhi, India on January 30th, 1948. He was most known for his famous struggle for India’s independence from Britain. The main focuses of his philosophy were non-violence and racial equality for Indians. Gandhi was born into a wealthy family of merchants, who owned a couple of small cities. Although Gandhi was interested in majoring in medicine, his father disagreed and made him study law instead. Gandhi never got very far in his law practice, and after getting kicked off a train by a white man, he traveled to Africa to fight for racial equality for Indians until his demise. During Britain’s reign over India, the East India Company controlled imports and trading in India. During this time the company taxed the salt, which the Indians themselves cultivated. After promoting the Declaration of Independence of India in 1930, Gandhi forged ahead to free India from British reign and protest the salt tax. Salt was important to the people of India, due to the high heats, and was always easily available until the tax. Gandhi chose the salt tax to start his injustice “campaign”, and on March 12th, 1930 Gandhi and 78 other protesters started their long journey. They planned to march on foot 240 miles to Dandi, India. Since it was illegal for Indians to make salt freely, Gandhi encouraged his followers to make salt in protest. Soon after the salt march ended and Gandhi was arrested along with some of his followers, but not without affecting people all across India. Although Gandhi was raised by Hindu parents, he later adopted the principle of Ahisma, doing no harm, which led to his own religion of Satyagraha. Often confuse his principles of Satyagraha and Ahisma. Satya means “truth” and agraha means “the eagerness to follow the principles of truth or one’s zeal for knowledge of truth”(Write Spirit). While Satyagraha was the principle of “soul force”, Ahisma was the principle of non-violence. Gandhi combined these to in a way to fuel his protests and as part of his religion. Gandhi used this principle during the salt march, and the independence movement, during his time in Africa. Gandhi defined it as such,” I have also called it love-force or soul-force. In the application of Satyagraha, I discovered in the earliest stages that pursuit of truth did not admit of violence being inflicted on one’s opponent but that he must be weaned from error by patience and compassion. For what appears to be truth to the one may appear to be error to the other. And patience means self-suffering. So the doctrine came to mean vindication of truth, not by infliction of suffering on the opponent, but on oneself”(Gandhi). Satyagraha was Gandhi’s overall message of non-violence. Gandhi had two types of Satyagraha. The first type was civil disobedience, which meant you had to break a law and not resist arrest. People normally connected “disobedience” with acting out or making a scene, but in actuality everything he did was peaceful. When it came to protesting and being arrested, Gandhi was very polite, and civil. The goal of Gandhi’s civil…
Principles of Nonviolent Direct Action:
from the American Peace Test Nonviolence Trainer's Manual.
Four basic principles:
1) Define your objectives. Injustice and violence are everywhere around us. A single campaign or action will not remove it all. One must begin by focusing on a specific injustice; it should be possible to discuss it in fairly simple and clear-cut terms. Decision-making and negotiations during a campaign will be helped immensely if you have defined clearly your…
“The future generations will scarcely believe that such a man in flesh and blood, had tread this earth.” Said Albert Einstein Mahatma Gandhi’s real name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born in 1869 at Porbandar in the state of Gujarat in INDIA. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and his mother’s name was Putlibai. He was the youngest in the family of one sister and three brothers. His father belonged to the family of grocers but himself was a minister in the court of a local ruler. He…
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Mohandas Gandhi is known as Mahatma or, “great soul” the peaceful leader of the Indian independence movement. Gandhi is considered to be the “Father of the nation.” Gandhi has had a positive influence on the world, because he broadened our horizons on diversity. He was the principle figurehead of the Indian independence movement, while teaching a philosophy of non-violence and peaceful protest.
Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 Mohandas Gandhi was born in Porbandar…
Mohandas Gandhi was humble man who undoubtedly was the father of the Indian independence movement. Gandhi was a leader, a motivator as well as a guide for the people of his land. He made life altering decisions in order to preserve the rights and justice of his people and he did so in a non violent fashion. In his early years, he had gotten married at the mere age of thirteen and was later sent out to England in order to study law. It was there that he had developed a keen…
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
A man of distinguished courage or ability, admired for his brave deeds and noble qualities. A man who faces various forms of troubles before attaining that something of value necessary to chase away the bad: the description of a modern day hero. When someone is characterized as a hero, they are described as, very selfless and valiant, and of distinguished gallantry. They are often a person who challenges people to follow in their footsteps, and are also models to our…
1. Two quotes said by Gandhi in the film.
“An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind” what
Gandhi was trying to say was that the whole world was going to be
unforgiving and evil amongst each, and at the end, making the whole
world blind, in short, Gandhi was trying to let us know that revenge will
only end up in hurting everyone.
2. Explain three concepts of hinduism.
Ahimsa is the principle of doing no harm. Because everything is a
manifestation of Brahman, to attack any living thing is to attack Brahman…
will lead to fewer sacrifices in the future. Even though tree spiking can be seen as illegal, it is effective in that “breaking the law for a higher ethical idea” (Wall, 4) is necessary in the fight to protect the environment.
On the other hand, nonviolence not only attracts positive attention of the media through boycotts, strikes, marches and sit-ins, it also attracts the attention and support of surrounding governments/ support groups. Instead of attaining negative attention and forcing a change…
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India; he studied law in London, England, but in 1893 went to South Africa, where he spent 20 years opposing discriminatory legislation against Indian and in 1914 he came to India to stand for the rights of Indians, both at home and in South Africa. Gandhi became a leader of India's independence movement and also the architect of a form of civil disobedience that would influence the world, organizing to combine against British…
March 13th, 2015
In a certain moment of the film “Gandhi”, directed by Richard Attenborough, one of the
characters says that “ the world is not made of Gandhi’s”. Unfortunately, we have to
agree with him. The story of the man who was the leader of India’s independence is by
itself beautiful, even showing the cruel reality of the pacifist life.
In his midtwenties, recently graduated from law school but with a idealistic conviction,
Gandhi crosses South…