High and Late Renaissance in Italy Following the artistic developments of the early renaissance came a period from late 15th through the 16th century, called the High Renaissance. This period was the height of the combined stylistic creations of the early Renaissance. Many famous artists thrived in this period, producing beautiful artwork, of which much is considered masterpieces. This period of artistic flourish provided for some of the most famous artists in history including Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo. Leonardo da Vinci is considered the most influential artist and thinker of this time. He, unlike many other artists, did not idealize nature. He had many interests in science and the natural world, which contributed to his incredible ability to portray subjects and scenes surrounding them in the way that they were actually viewed. His paintings, among many of his other achievements show his profound knowledge of the human anatomy, light, human expression, and his subtle progression of tone. In Leonardo da Vinci’s Madonna of the Rocks, many of these qualities are shown. As previously stated, Leonardo “believed modeling with light and shadow and expressing emotional states were the heart of painting” (Kleiner, 259). The figures in this painting are The Virgin Mary, Christ child, John the Baptist, and an angel, all of whom seem to be separated by fantastic light and shadow from the dull light of the echoing landscape. Leonardo uses the prevalent technique of atmospheric perspective, from the early Italian Renaissance, to give this painting depth and to make his subjects appear as if there were miles of air between them and the landscape. More of these stylistic features appear in one of Leonardo’s, and perhaps the world’s, most famous portrait, the Mona Lisa. His, often used, technique of chiaroscuro, is shown by the illuminated, plausible subject of, Lisa di Antonio Maria Gherardini contrasting with the somber, blurred background. This is combined with atmospheric perspective to guide the viewer to the details of the lively subject. Leonardo da Vinci also, often, used gradual tones to create curiosity. This is called sfmuato and this technique smoothed sharp edges, blending the light with shadow. In Mona Lisa’s smile, this technique is used, eliminating the lines in her face that would clearly depict her emotion; however, because these facial features are blended, there is a lingering question as to whether she is smiling from happiness or whether this is an expression of sorrow. Raphael’s style greatly changed from his schooling in “the Studio of Perugino” (Kleiner, 263), upon seeing the work of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. His painting of Madonna in the Meadow contains influence from Leonardo da Vinci’s tendency of pyramidal grouping and Michelangelo’s sculptural quality of figures, discussed later. Raphael differs from both of these artists, however, in using clarity in both his figures and everything surrounding them. There is no difference in light to detach the subjects from a mysterious backdrop and the figures contain Raphael’s “definitive rendering of this sublime theme of grace and dignity” (Kleiner, 263); areas where Raphael creates his own ingenious identity in the High Renaissance period. Michelangelo, though proficient in many artistic styles and mediums, “thought of himself, first, as a sculptor” (Kleiner, 265). He believed that sculptors get to “make man” from images of the mind. These images of the mind are not to be confused with being developed in the mind, however. Rather, Michelangelo, just as Leonardo da Vinci and many other Renaissance artists believed that these ideas are…
Done by: Leen Saadeh
In the mid-1400s, the middle age has endured since the fall of the Roman empire. A new age was beginning. The new age and changes that started in Italy and then spread throughout Europe were called the Renaissance. The word renaissance is French for rebirth. During that age, the countries of Europe experienced a time of financial growth. It was an age with artistic, social, scientific, and political changes that turned into new directions.
The Renaissance – Birth to the Modern World
Was the Renaissance the birth to the modern world we live in today? In my opinion, yes it was. The modern world we live in today is a grown up version of what the world was like during the time of the renaissance. The Science, Technology, and Culture of the renaissance are taken to a deeper level in the Modern world as we see today. So yes, the renaissance is the beginning to the modern world we live in today with a moderate change in technology, science…
The Renaissance, meaning “rebirth” in French, was a change in the way people lived and thought. In the Middle Ages in Europe, especially Italy, people were very religious and almost everyone was devotedly catholic. This gradually started to change during the time of The Renaissance. People started to think “Hang on, if God exists, why did he do all of these bad things to us?”
Other aspects of life that were affected by the Renaissance included art, architecture and science.…
Over the years, historians have talked about the Renaissance and called it the time of change where mostly everything from laws to church to the people to cities to schools of Europe changed. The Renaissance was a time when the people of Europe felt betrayed by the church because of corruption and a man named Martin Luther brought it to the forefront through his 95 theses on the church door. When Gutenberg invented the printing press everyone knew…
ARTISTIC CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE RENAISSANCE
By the sixteenth century, the Renaissance had spread throughout Europe, impacting
literature, science, philosophy, religion, politics, and art. However, the Renaissance initial started
in Italy with people such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who studied many types of art.
Many people consider leonardo da Vinci to be the best of the Renaissance Man”—someone
whose intellectual achievements and interests span a wide variety of fields in art…
During the 14th Century, Italy went through a revolution called the Renaissance. There were many figures in history to help along this cultural shift. One of these figures was Coluccio Salutati, an Italian Humanist and the last Chancellor of Florence before the rise of the Medici family. As chancellor, Salutati was able to use his powerful position to make a huge impact on the beginnings of the Renaissance Revolution.
Salutati was appointed chancellor in 1375 and held the position until his death…
Cantus firmus: ("Fixed song") The process of using a pre-existing tune as the structural basis for a newpolyphonic composition.
Choralis Constantinus: A collection of over 350 polyphonic motets (using Gregorian chant as the cantus firmus) written by the German composer Heinrich Isaac and his pupil Ludwig Senfl.
Contenance angloise: ("The English sound") A term for the style or quality of music that writers on the continent associated with the works of John Dunstable (mostly triadic…
Meaning of “Humanism” and “Renaissance”:
* Traditionally, humanism and the renaissance were seen as a momentous cultural change, which ended the middle ages and began the (early) modern period
* “Humanism,” was a term used at the time (more on that in a moment. But modern scholars have their own meaning: a shift in values, a new focus on the worth of human life, and human abilities, and human virtue (that certain people make for good moral models)
* “Renaissance” (a term never used at the…
Renaissance Fashion Information
April 26, 2014
I will also put links of the websites found/used. If you could email the others to do the same if they haven’t had the brilliant idea already, please kindly do so.
LOTS OF THIS WAS COPIED AND PASTEDONLY BECAUSE I KNOW I WILL END UP REWORDING IT SO.
Charles VIII famous expedition starts the fashion culture in France.
End of the 15th Century: Men